The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824

The Anglo-Dutch Treaty 1824', also known as the Treaty of London was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London on 17 March 1824. It was designed to solve many of the issues that had arisen due to the British occupation of Dutch properties during the Napoleonic Wars, as well as issues regarding the rights to trade that existed for hundreds of years in the Spice Islands between the two nations. For the Dutch, it was signed by Hendrik Fagel and Anton Reinhard Falck and for the UK, it was signed by George Canning and Charles Watkin WIlliams Wynn.

Background

  • Before the treaty, there was a lot of friction between the British and the Dutch as they competed for trade monopoly in Southeast Asia.
  • Sir Stanford Raffles who was British, established(founded) a settlement called Singapore on the Malaya Peninsula in 1819.
  • The founding of Singapore diverted much trade from Dutch ports.
  • This caused the friction between the British and the Dutch to peak
  • The Dutch claimed that the treaty signed between Raffles and the sultan of Johore for the establishment of the settlement was invalid.
  • Thus, they wanted the British to leave Singapore
  • In 1820, under pressures from British merchants with interests in the Far East, negotiations to clarify the situation in Southeast Asia began.

Negotiations

  • The Dutch wanted the British to leave Singapore
  • However, the British realized the commercial value of Singapore and refused to give it up
  • As the negotiations went on,the Dutch, realizing that the growth of Singapore could not be curbed
  • They decided to give up their colonies to the north of Singapore in exchange for colonies to the south of Singapore
  • They made this decision as they felt that with the unstoppable growth of Singapore, their colonies to the north of Singapore were useless
  • This led to the signing of the Anglo Dutch treaty.

The terms of the treaty



  • British subjects to be given trade access with the Malaku Islands, in particular with Ambon, Banda and Ternate.
  • The Netherlands cedes all of its establishments on the Indian sub-continent (Dutch India from 1609 ) and any rights associated with them.
  • The UK cedes its factory of Fort Marlborough in Bencoolen (Bengkulu) and all its property on the island of Sumatrato the Netherlands and will not establish another office on the island or make any treaty with its rulers.
  • The Netherlands cedes the city and fort of Malacca and agrees not to open any office on the Malay peninsula or make any treaty with its rulers.
  • The UK withdraws its opposition to the occupation of the island of Billiton by the Netherlands.
  • The Netherlands withdraws its opposition to the occupation of the island of Singapore by the UK.



Why was the treaty important to British?

The treaty give the British East India Company (E.I.E.) the right to establish a trading settlement in the southern part of Singapore.



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By Eric Shi


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